Sunday Times 2

Pakistan’s ruinous political farce


The political pantomime played out in Pakistan over the past few years is degenerating into farce.
On Tuesday, the Supreme Court terminated the career of Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani — disqualifying him from office on the basis of a contempt of court conviction linked to his refusal to reopen corruption cases against President Asif Ali Zardari.

Two days later, a lower court issued a warrant for the arrest of Makhdoom Shahabuddin, a member of Mr Gilani’s party, just hours after he was nominated as his possible successor. Uncanny timing, some might say.

While Mr. Shahabuddin was still a free man come Friday morning, the ruling alliance named a new man as its candidate for PM, Raja Pervez Ashraf. But he too faces controversy, denying allegations that he took bribes when water and power minister.
Nobody will be surprised if the courts choose to turn up the heat now he has become PM, and few expect the judges to drop their pursuit of Mr. Zardari.

Supporters of Pakistani cricketer turned politician Imran Khan of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaaf (PTI - Movement for Justice) eat sweets while they celebrate following the verdict against Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani in Islamabad on June 19. AFP

Many in Pakistan see these developments as signs that the skirmishes between the judiciary, the military and the civilian government are now erupting into all-out war.This is all happening at a time when the country can least afford it — relations with the West are at an all-time low, the economy is heading for disaster and people are battling severe power and fuel shortages.

To compound matters, nuclear-armed Pakistan — which is known to have promoted armed militant groups over the past two decades — has steadily been losing territory to these groups in recent years. That’s a major issue for its neighbours and the wider world.

But instead of dealing with the big problems, Pakistan’s power elite have other fish to fry.
A major part of the problem lies in the traditional domination of the military in Pakistan, and the fact that the judiciary has supported successive attempts by the generals to cut the politicians down to size.

The civilians have rarely held the reins of power, and when they have, they have always had the military establishment to contend with.
Accusations of corruption are a time-tested tool to beat the civilians with, and corruption cases lodged against them during the country’s 64-year history literally run into the hundreds.

Few of those cases have ever been resolved. But they have been successfully used to bring every civilian government down well before the end of its constitutional five-year term.The present administration is the longest-serving civilian government Pakistan has ever had — it is just over six months short of reaching the finish line.

If it does, it will set a new precedent — and this is an unsavoury proposition for the establishment for two reasons.
First, prolonged civilian rule is likely to permanently dent the political influence of the military, and thereby the massive business and real estate empires it has acquired.

Second, while Pakistan’s military and civil bureaucracy are dominated by Punjab province, the country’s largest vote-bank, the ruling Pakistan People’s Party has its roots in the southern province of Sindh, the country’s main source of revenue and home to a distinct linguistic group that detests Punjab’s domination.

So while the establishment is generally sceptical of politicians, it has been almost intolerant towards the PPP.
The military is widely accused by Western powers of playing a double game in Afghanistan and lost credit in the eyes of many Pakistanis when US forces killed Osama Bin Laden in a secret raid on Pakistan’s soil.

But its diminishing ability to openly control Pakistan’s politicians has been more than offset by what some analysts describe as the judiciary’s increased ability to encroach on the administrative sphere.

This has led to a number of fierce battles between state institutions in recent years which are a distraction from the main challenges.
Since 2009, when judges sacked by the Musharraf regime were reinstated by the present government, they have shown an appetite for pursuing long-standing corruption cases against President Zardari.

Mr. Zardari spent eight years in jail because of them, without being convicted in a single case.
That led to the Supreme Court’s dogged pursuit of Prime Minister Gilani and his conviction in April.
The Supreme Court also responded with alacrity late last year in investigating a controversial memo which invited the US to help avert a possible coup in Pakistan after Bin Laden’s death.

The “memogate” affair had the potential to drag in President Zardari but has led only to the dismissal of Pakistan’s then ambassador to the US, Husain Haqqani. Top military leaders showed a keen interest in the case and participated in initial hearings, but gradually pulled out when questions were raised over their own political role.

Most recently, the country was stunned to find its bulwark against corruption — Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry himself — implicated in allegations of bribe-taking levelled against his son. They both deny any wrongdoing and an investigation has been ordered.
Conspiracy theorists see the government’s hand in the case somehow — but no one’s got any evidence. The government has distanced itself from the whole affair.

Throughout the endless drama, the government has stood its ground with one single goal in mind — to complete its term.
PPP leaders say there’s no other way to make sure democracy takes root in Pakistan.
But the events of the past couple of years have blurred the rules by which a state should be run, and muddled up the laws that govern the powers of various state institutions.

What is happening now is a battle of wits, being fought almost according to the laws of the jungle, some observers say.
And time is ticking away for all the important things that the government, the judiciary and the military ought to be doing to rid the country of poverty, shortages, obscurantism and militancy.

(Courtesy BBC)

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