Mirror Magazine


Techno Page

Netiquette; Mind your manners
On August 26, Intel released its latest P4 2.8 GHz chip. Intel has increased its lead over rival AMD and the Athlon XP+ CPU. What do you have to say?

The Internet is a vast resource of information and today, more than 95% of the total knowledge base of the world is said to be available and accessible over the Internet. From complete volumes of books to music, from science journals to detailed instruction manuals on how to make nuclear warheads; all this information is literally at your fingertips if you are connected to the NET.

There are however, certain guidelines and rules that should be followed when making use of this information. We have to keep in mind that some of the information we access could be illegal, either by restrictions such as laws prohibiting the publication of such information in the first place. As we all know, implementing laws and regulations on the boundless world of the Internet has so far proved impractical with the technology available today, but that does not mean that it is safe to use such information. Internet laws are stricter and more enforceable than you may think.

One issue I wish to highlight in this regard is plagiarism. Once I came across the saying "If you copy from one; it is plagiarism, but if you copy from many; it is research". Leave it as it may be, it is unethical and in most cases unlawful to copy another person's work and present it as your own. The many informative websites on the Internet are there for us to research or refer information that we need or that is useful to us. In most cases it is illegal to reproduce such information without the consent of the author(s). Even in cases where this is not illegal, it is ethical and indeed a decent thing to acknowledge the source of your information and give due credit to the author(s).

This applies to all forms of information, be it text, images, movies or sound.

The need to strengthen copyright and intellectual property law in Sri Lanka has been emphasized in recent times.

It has been pointed out in this very page that software piracy is abundant and carried out openly in our country.

Have you got anything to add about plagiarism? Are you aware of the current nature of current legislation that governs copyrights and intellectual property?

How do you think our laws should change in a way that ensures fairness to all? Do you think it is fair to allow software piracy in third-world countries such as ours?

How would you answer that if you were a software developer? Write in with your views on Internet ethics (also known as netiquette) to technopage_lk@yahoo.com.

SUN Solaris Operating System:
Solaris Operating system provides a 64-bit UNIX based Operating environment (SPARC only). The 64- bit Solaris Operating environment is a complete 32 -bit and 64-bit application and development environment supported by a 64-bit operating system. This permits maximum compatibility and interoperability for existing applications, both source and binary. At the same time, the 64-bit Solaris operating environment overcomes many of the limitations. The Solaris operating environment runs on two types of hardware, or platforms - SPARC and IA. The Solaris operating environment runs on both 64-bit and 32-bit address spaces. You can boot either the 32-bit or 64-bit Solaris operating environment on UltraSPARC machines.


Web browser - Solaris includes the Netscape communicator Web browser.

UFS logging - UFS logging is the process of storing a transaction (changes that make up a complete UFS operation) in a log before the transactions are applied to the UFS.

Dynamic reconfiguration - Dynamic reconfiguration allows the service provider to add, or remove and replace, hot-pluggable boards in a running system laminating the time lost in rebooting. This feature is available on certain SPARC systems only.

Network enhancements - Solaris includes enhancements in the areas of performance, security, send mail, LDAP, RPC,NIS+ and BIND, to name a few. Also, the trace route utility is included.

Graphics - Solaris includes improvements in graphics and imaging.

Common Desktop Environment (CDE) - Solaris includes improvements to the CDE and new tools to make it easy to find, manipulate, and manage address cards, applications, email addresses, files, folders, hosts, processes, and Web addresses.

Internet error messages
Errors on the Internet occur quite frequently and can be quite frustrating. They mostly have more to do with the servers you're trying to access rather than your PC. Here is a list of Internet messages and their meanings. In most cases, the only thing you can do is try again.

400 Bad File Request - Usually means the syntax used in the URL is incorrect (e.g. uppercase letter should be lowercase letter; wrong punctuation marks).

401 Unauthorized - Server is looking for some encryption key from the client and is not getting it. Also, wrong passwords may have been entered. Try it again, paying close attention to case sensitivity.

403 Forbidden/Access Denied - Similar to 401, special permission needed to access the site - a password and/or username if it is a registration issue. Other times you may not have the proper permissions set up on the server.

404 File Not Found - Server cannot find the file you requested. File has either been moved or deleted, or you entered the wrong URL or document name. Look at the URL. If a word looks misspelled, then correct it and try it again. If that doesn't work, backtrack by deleting information between each backslash, until you come to a page on that site that isn't a 404. From there you may be able to find the page you're looking for.

408 Request Timeout - Client stopped the request before the server finished retrieving it. A user will hit the stop button, close the browser, or click on a link before the page loads. Usually occurs when servers are slow or file sizes are large.

500 Internal Error - Couldn't retrieve the HTML document because of server-configuration problems. Contact site administrator.

501 Not Implemented - Web server doesn't support a requested feature.

502 Service Temporarily Overloaded - Server congestion; too many connections; high traffic. Keep trying until the page loads.

503 Service Unavailable - Server busy, site may have moved, or you lost your dial-up Internet connection.

Connection Refused by Host - Either you do not have permission to access the site or your password is incorrect.

File Contains No Data - Page is there but is not showing anything. Error occurs in the document. This is attributed to bad table formatting, or stripped header information.

Bad File Request - Browser may not support the form or other coding you're trying to access.

Failed DNS Lookup - The Domain Name Server can't translate your domain request into a valid Internet address. Server may be busy or down, or incorrect URL was entered.

Host Unavailable - Host server down. Hit reload or go to the site later.

Unable to Locate Host - Host server is down, Internet connection is lost, or URL typed incorrectly.

Network Connection Refused by the Server - The Web server is busy.

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