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Afghanistan's women pioneers fearful as US-Taliban deal looms

6 September 2019 - 40   - 0

The historic deal between the US and the Taliban leaves unresolved the fate of Afghan women, whose fragile gains could come under threat as the brutally repressive insurgents seek to expand their influence.

Strictly patriarchal Afghanistan has long been one of the world's worst places for women, but for a relatively small group -- mainly in urban cores like Kabul -- key freedoms such as education and the right to work proliferated after the Taliban fell in 2001.

AFP spoke to several pioneering women around the Afghan capital who have deep fears about what comes next.

- 'The Taliban have not changed' -

Suraya Pakzad directs a women's empowerment group and runs various shelters, educational centres and job training workshops across Afghanistan.

She notes that Afghan women have scored tremendous advances in the past 17-plus years, including in politics and business.

But for her, the coming months pose a grave danger. And once again, it is mainly men who are deciding women's fate.

"We don't know what the Taliban have in mind for us, but we know the Taliban have not changed," she said, recalling the days when the insurgents were in power and frequently stoned women to death, banned them from school and forced them out of public spaces.

"Peace is good to silence the sound of guns, but the fear is a bad deal may also silence all voices," said the 48-year-old Kabul resident, whom Time magazine in 2009 named as one of the world's most influential people.

- 'Women will suffer a lot' -

Zahra, a 24-year-old artist and designer who only gave her first name, has had to overcome many hurdles to follow her dream.

"When I started working as an artist, instead of receiving encouragement, many people told me it was not a good profession, especially for a woman," she recalled.

They told her: "You cannot have a good income from doing art and told me to quit before it is too late," she said.

Zahra, who was only a child when the Taliban were in power, said if the militants return to Kabul, most women will quickly lose their jobs.

"We, the women, have struggled a lot to gain our rights, and we cannot afford to lose them. I believe the war will not end, even if there is a peace deal," Zahra said.

For her, many Afghans' views of women's rights have evolved since 2001, but by no means to the extent where men see women as having equal rights.

- 'We won't accept them' -

Haida Essazada, 23, is head of Afghanistan Youth Network, a resource for young people in a country where more than 62 percent of the population is under 25.

"We are working every single day to bring change to this society," Essazada said.

"We want it and we mean it, and if the Taliban are not going to accept our rights, we won't accept them either."

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